2: Solomon--The Later Years

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Lesson 02 — September 17, 2000



1 Kings 9:10-11:43; 2 Chronicles 8-9; Proverbs 1,8; Ecclesiastes 1-3,12


Solomon’s Career:


When Solomon requested an understanding heart to discern between good and evil the LORD was very pleased (cf. 1 Kings 3:9). He responded by not only giving Solomon wisdom, but promising him other things for which he had not asked—"riches and honor" (cf. 1 Kings 3:13). Unfortunately Solomon failed to remain faithful to the LORD with the result that he fell under God’s judgment, although it was delayed in view of David’s former faithfulness. As we shall later see from his writings, it would appear that he did repent and return to the LORD prior to his death.


Consider the following passages, which reveal the LORD’s blessings:


  • With regard to his alliance with King Hiram of Tyre and Pharaoh, king of Egypt (cf. 1 Kings 9:10-28; 2 Chronicles 8:1-18):
    • Hiram provided Solomon with raw materials for building—cedar, cypress, and gold.
    • Pharaoh provided Solomon with southern cities and a secure southern border.
    • Solomon utilized the remaining Canaanite population as forced labor.
    • Solomon joined Hiram in building both a Mediterranean and Red Sea trading fleet.
    • Solomon initially remained faithful to the LORD (cf. 1 Kings 9:25; 2 Chronicles 8:12-14).


  • With regard to the Queen of Sheba’s visit (cf. 1 Kings 10:1-13; 2 Chronicles 9:1-12):
    • She came bringing many gifts.
    • She was impressed by Solomon’s wisdom and the grandeur of his kingdom.
    • She was led to praise the LORD, Whom she recognized as having placed Solomon on the throne (cf. 1 Kings 10:9; Acts 8:26ff.).
    • Solomon gave her many gifts prior to her depature.


  • With regard to his immense riches (cf. 1 Kings 10:14-29; 2 Chronicles 9:13-28):
    • Solomon’s wealth was based in large part upon the taxation of trade.
    • Solomon’s life style revealed his great wealth—golden shields, thrones, drinking vessels.
    • Solomon’s fleets brought him rare luxuries—gold, silver, ivory, apes, and monkeys.
    • Solomon developed a strong military force—horses and chariots (cf. Psalm 33:16-17).



Consider the following passages, which reveal Solomon’s Failures and Trials:

  • With regard to his many wives (cf. 1 Kings 11:1-13):
    • 700 wives and 300 concubines, many of whom were from the nations God had warned Israel about concerning intermarriage.
    • His wives "turned his heart after other gods" (cf. 1 Kings 11:4-8).
    • God determined to take the kingdom away from Solomon’s descendants, granting them only a portion of land out of love for David.
  • With regard to his external adversaries (cf. 1 Kings 11:14-25):
    • Hadad the Edomite fled to Egypt.
    • Rezon ruled over Syria.
  • With regard to his internal adversaries (cf. 1 Kings 11:26-40):
    • Jeroboam of the tribe of Ephraim was a "mighty man of valor" to whom God promised ten tribes through the prophet Ahijah.
    • Solomon initially gave Jeroboam a position of leadership, but then attempted to have him removed forcing Jeroboam to flee to Egypt.

Read the following passages regarding Solomon’s death and discuss his spirituality at the time of his death:

Solomon’s Writings:

Read the following passages and identify Solomon’s key thoughts:

Coming Next Week…

1 Kings 12-14; 2 Chronicles 11-12